Other bets are as follows:

En plein (in America , Straight): A play can stake any single number or zero by putting his chips on a chosen number. If that number comes up, he will be paid 35 times the amount he staked. The correct odds are 36 to 1 (on an American double-zero wheel, 37 to 1); reducing the pay out gives the bank its favorable percentage. If zero comes up the bank takes all the money on the table except the bets placed on the ‘even money” spaces. These bets neither win nor lose; they are left to “ride” for another spin. If either of the zeros on an American wheel comes up, the bank will pay 35 to 1 odds to players who have bet on either zero and will take in every other stake on the table.

A cheval (split): Any two adjacent numbers can be staked by placing chips on the line separating them. In this case, if either of the two numbers comes up, the player will be paid 17 times the amount of his stake. Correct odds are 17 ½ to 1 (on an American baseball wheel, 18 to 1).

Transuersale pleine (street): In this bet any horizontal row of three numbers is staked by placing chips on the outer line of the chosen row. If any of the three numbers comes up the bettor will be paid 11 times his stake, correct odds being 11⅓ to 1 ( on an American wheel 11⅔ to 1).

Carré (sequare): Any square of four numbers can be staked Bingo Spiele by placing chips on the + formed by the interesting lines of the chosen squares. Any one of the four numbers coming up will bring the bettor eight times his stake. Correct odds are 8 ¼ to 1 (on an American wheel 8 ½ to 1).

Sixaine (line): By placing chips on the intersection of the outer vertical line and the line horizontally dividing any two columns of three numbers, a player will be dividing his stake among the six numbers of those two columns. If any one of the six comes up he will be paid five times his stake instead of the correct odds of 5 1/6 to 1 (on an American wheel, 5 ⅓ to 1).

Colonne (column): The stake can be divided among the 12 lucky number in any single vertical row by putting chips in the small space at the bottom of the chosen row. If any one of the 12 come up, the payoff odds are 2 to 1 instead of the correct 2 1/12 to 1 (on an American wheel, 2 1/6 to 1).

Douzaine (dozen): The stake is placed on one of the six small outer spaces at the bottom of the table; according to which space is chosen, the bet will be in the numbers 1-12, 13-24, or 25-36. The payoff odds are the same as for colonne. The stake may be divided between two adjacent columns, or two series of 12 numbers; in this case the bettor will be paid half the amount of his stake if he wins, instead of the true odds of 11/13 to 1.

At the beginning of each round the croupier invites players to place their bets with the phrase faites vos jeux . Then he spins the wheel and flips the ball around the bowl. Players continue to place their bets while the ball is in motion until the croupier calls rien ne va plus (no more bets). This is the moment of drama. The spinning wheel slows, the ball hovers over two or three numbers: All eyes are riveted to it. eventually it settles in a compartment. The spell is broken. The croupier brusquely announces the result –say “dix-sept, rouge, impair, et manqué” (i.e. 17, red, odd, and low) –pays out to the poker winner and rakes in the money staked by the losers. Players with their chips on 17 will win at 35 to 1; players with their chips on the rouge, impair, or manqué will win at even money. The exotic nature

roulette, with its French terminology, mechanical apparatus, complicated betting patterns, and (often) luxurious poker casino surroundings is sufficient cause for its vast popularity. But there are other causes. For one thing, absolutely no skill is needed; for another, cheating is apparently impossible, for there is no human intervention from the moment that the wheel and the ball are set in motion until the ball falls into a compartment. Or, at any rate, thee is no visible intervention. In the 19th century crooked operators invented several hidden devices to control the wheel, and these became widely used in most of the more shady gambling house especially in those of Middle West America.