In each of Italy’s 2200 registered lottery offices a draw is held weekly.  Tickets bearing the numbers one to 90 are put in an run and five numbers are drawn by the manager.  There are several different kinds of forecast that a ticket-holder may try to make: he may try to predict any one of the five numbers are drawn by the manager.  There are several different kinds of forecast that a ticket –holder may try to make: He may try to predict any one of the five drawn numbers (which is called “simple extraction”); the order in which any one of the five numbers  is drawn (“specified extraction”); any two of the five numbers (“ambo”); any three (“terno”); any four (“quaterna”).  In simple extraction the chances of winning are one in 18, in specified extraction one in 90, in ambo one in 400, in terno one in 11,748, in quaterna one in 511,038, and in cinquina one in 43, 949, 268.  The prizes for simple extraction are 10 ½ times the stake, for terno 4250 times the stake, for quaterna 80,000 times the stake, and for cinquina 1,000,000 times the stake.  Anyone may buy as many tickets and make as many different forecast as desired.  In most towns the price of a ticket is one lira (about one sixth of one cent)- such a tiny holdem poker sum of money that even the poorest investors buy 100 tickets at a time.

Tickets for the Greek state lotteries can be bought in shops, or even at pavement shoe-shine stands –as well as from licensed lottery agencies.

France, too, has its own state lottery (the Loterie nationale) with weekly draws as well as special draws at Easter (tranche de Paques), the government’s summer vacation (tranche de vacancies), Christmas tranche de Noël), various arbitrarily chosen occasions (known as tranche de la double chance) when the prizes are increased enormously.  An ordinary ticket costs the equivalent of $ 5.60 and the prizes can range as high as the equivalent of $ 150,000.  A bettor can buy a share in a ticket; a tenth of a ticket, for instance, costs about three francs (60 cents).

The French take their lottery very seriously.  Few streets in Paris lack their little booths set up on corners, under café winnings, or other approachable places, with the ticket-seller who manage the booths  calling ‘tentez votre chance!” The  equivalent of about $ 128,000,000 was given away in 1962 in prizes, and from this the government added about $ 50,000,000 to the treasury.

Bonn, Frankfurt, and Hamburg may be taken as typical of the centers in the West German Federation whose governments run and control regional lotteries.  Bonn records that in 1962 the equivalent of about $ 6,000,000 was spent every week on lottery tickets, and that about $ 120,000 were paid out to each week’s winners.  Frankfurt, which claims a sixth of all gambling with money staked in the country, gathered in the equivalent of about $ 58,000,000 as government revenue in 1961.  Frankfurt encourages both lotteries and thrift by offering a lottery ticket worth one mark (about 25 cents) for every eight marks deposited in national-savings accounts.  A draw takes place, on the average, every other weekday.  These lotteries pay handsome dividends to the West German authorities-the equivalent of about $ 57,500,000 from all lotteries and football pools, which is about four fifths of the total state income from all forms of gambling.  Hamburg’s three lotteries (including a football pool) yielded nearly the equivalent of $ 4,000,000 profit in 1961 from the sale of 128,068,900 tickets.

An analytical article in the Frankfurter Allegmaine Zeitung, November 1962, stated (without giving figures)  that the total expenditure on all forms of gambling poker theory game in the Federal German Republic and quadrupled since 1950, and that the increase was due to the introduction of lotteries and pools in 1955.  This enthusiasm for lotteries is explainable when it is noted that, in the first 40 draws of the Frankfurt lottery in 1962, 110 people won prizes of over $ 100,000 each.

A girl draws one of the six winning tickets in the North West German lottery; a public official supervises.  The tickets are folded inside Perspex capsules, which are whirled round in the glass drum.  Left, after the drawing, all the remaining tickets in the drum are invalidated by a seal to avoid dice cheat or confusion.